Elizabeth I

(1533-1603)
   "Good Queen Bess" was born at Greenwich, London, the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. The last of the Tudor monarchs, she reigned as queen of England and Ireland from 1558 to 1603. The kingdom she inherited was torn between the Puritans who had prospered under Edward VI and the Catholics who had benefited under Mary. England was losing possessions in France, and France supported Mary Stuart's claim to the English throne. Eventually Elizabeth had Mary (Queen of Scots, Elizabeth's cousin, a pawn in the hands of her unscrupulous nobles) imprisoned and executed in 1587. The Elizabethan Age saw massive expansion in commerce and the arts. Literature blossomed through the works of Spenser, Marlowe and Shakespeare (see entries). Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh (see entry) were instrumental in expanding English influence in the New World. She died at Richmond and is buried in Henry VII Chapel of Westminster Abbey. She was succeeded by Mary Stuart's son, James VI of Scotland. Some of her poems: "Doubt of Future Foes," "On Fortune," "On Monsieur's Departure," "The Queen's Answer," "When I Was Fair and Young," "Written on a Wall at Woodstock."
   Sources: Britannia (http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon45.html). Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. ChadwyckHealey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Encyclopedia of Britain. Bamber Gascoigne. London: Macmillan, 1994. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Norton Anthology of Poetry. 4th ed. Margaret Ferguson, Mary Jo Salter and Jon Stal, eds. W.W. Norton, 1996. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Penguin Book of Women Poets. Carol Cosman, Joan Keefe and Kathleen Weaver, eds. Penguin Books, 1978. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elizabeth I — (Elizabeth Tudor) 1533 1603, queen of England 1558 1603 (successor of Mary I; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn). * * * born Sept. 7, 1533, Greenwich, near London, Eng. died March 24, 1603, Richmond, Surrey Queen of England (1558–1603).… …   Universalium

  • Elizabeth — or Elisabeth is the Greek form Ελισ(σ)άβετ Elis(s)avet of the Hebrew Elisheva, meaning my God is an oath, my God is abundance, God s promise, or oath of God. For more information about the name, see Elizabeth (given name)aints (from whom other… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth II — (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor) born 1926, queen of Great Britain since 1952 (daughter of George VI). * * * in full Elizabeth Alexandra Mary born April 21, 1926, London, Eng. Queen of the United Kingdom from 1952. She became heir presumptive… …   Universalium

  • Elizabeth R — is an Emmy Award winning BBC television drama serial of six 85 minute plays starring Glenda Jackson in the title role. It was first broadcast on terrestrial channel BBC Two from February to March 1971, and was later broadcast in America on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth — ist die englische Schreibweise für den Frauennamen Elisabeth Elizabeth ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Elizabeth (Arkansas) Elizabeth (Colorado) Elizabeth (Georgia) Elizabeth (Illinois) Elizabeth (Indiana) Elizabeth… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth — Elizabeth, NJ U.S. city in New Jersey Population (2000): 120568 Housing Units (2000): 42838 Land area (2000): 12.221229 sq. miles (31.652836 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.434020 sq. miles (3.714094 sq. km) Total area (2000): 13.655249 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Elizabeth — prop. n. [a proper name from the Hebrew, probably meaning God of the oath or oath of God .] 1. Queen Elizabeth II. of the United Kingdom, born 1926. Syn: Elizabeth II. [WordNet 1.5] 2. Elizabeth I., the Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She was …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elizabeth — • The wife of Zachary, mother of St. John the Baptist, and relative of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Some believe that it was Elizabeth who proclaimed the Magnificat Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Elizabeth     Elizabeth …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Elizabeth S.C. — Elizabeth S.C. is an inactive American soccer club based in Union County, New Jersey that is an inactive member of the Cosmopolitan Soccer League. History Elizabeth S.C. was founded in 1924 in Elizabeth, New Jersey by a group of German immigrants …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth — f The usual spelling of ELISABETH (SEE Elisabeth) in English. It was first made popular by being borne by Queen Elizabeth I of England (1533–1603). In the 20th century it became extremely fashionable, partly because it was the name of Elizabeth… …   First names dictionary

  • Elizabeth — Elizabeth1 [ē liz′ə bəth, iliz′ə bəth] n. [LL(Ec) Elizabetha < Gr(Ec) Elisabet < Heb elisheva, lit., God is (my) oath] 1. a feminine name: dim. Bess, Bessie, Beth, Betsy, Betty, Elsie, Libby, Lisa, Liz; var. Elisabeth, Eliza 2. Bible the… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.